− set of tasks (set of operations) selected as a result of social labour division performed constantly or with small changes by particular persons and requiring relevant qualifications or competences (knowledge, skills and social competences), acquired as a result of education or practice. Occupation performance constitutes the source of income.


− it results from labour division within an occupation. It includes a part of operations with similar character (related to performed function or subject of labour), requiring deepened or additional knowledge and skills acquired because of additional training or practice.

Professional task

− logical section or stage of work within an occupation, with clearly defined beginning and end, selected due to type or kind of performing occupational operations connected with one aim, ending with a product, service or decision.

Professional competences

− everything that a worker knows, understands and is able to perform, relevantly to a situation in a workplace. They are described with three sets: of knowledge, skills and social competences.

Key competences

− connection of knowledge, skills and attitudes relevant to a situation. Key competences are competences required by all persons for self-fulfilment, personal development, being an active citizen, social integration and employment.

Professional qualifications

− set of learning outcomes (resources of knowledge, skills and social competences), acquisition of which has been formally approved by entitled institution.

European Qualifications Framework

− set of reference adopted in the European Union, enabling to compare qualifications acquired in various states. Eight levels of qualification defined by learning outcomes requirements have been distinguished in the European Qualifications Framework.

National Qualifications System

− all state operations related to confirmation of learning outcomes for the needs of labour market, civil society and individual development of learning persons.


− resource of facts, principles, theories and experiences related to each other and acquired by a learning person.


− ability of applying knowledge and practised efficiencies to perform tasks and solve problems.

Social competences

− skills, talents and features necessary for autonomous, collective and responsible participation in social and professional life.





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